Friday, 26 January 2018

Raymond Sheppard and Look and Learn

Everbody's 16 June 1956 p.19
Raymond Sheppard passed away in 1958. In the first issue of Look and Learn, that famous children's educational magazine/comic, published from Monday, 15 January 1962 to 17 April 1982, there were two pieces of art by Sheppard, that I know of!

Look and Learn #1
© 2005-2018 Look and Learn - All rights reserved
In Steve Holland's fascinating Look and Learn A History of the Classic Children's Magazine (2006 - available via the Look and Learn site), he says:
This opening spread included the first illustration to appear in the paper, drawn by the renowned wildlife artist Raymond Sheppard. 

© 2005-2018 Look and Learn - All rights reserved

Not really being aware of Look and Learn until I was a bit older, I missed this, until recently when some nice person scanned the comic so I can show you the artwork in question. But this led me to asking myself some questions! Some of this looks familiar, where was it I saw these images?

Cover of Everbody's 29 October 1955
Jennifer Jones adorns the cover of the Everbody's magazine of 29 October, 1955  which also contains a feature on "The Lion Man" by Philip Street, (pages 16-17)

Everbody's October 29 1955 pp16-17
The caption below the lion reads "Contrary to common belief lions do climb trees and have been seen high up in an oak"  and what's interesting is that the picture in Look and Learn appears complete, so one assumes the image was available to Leonard Matthews, the Editor, back then. The mergers that occurred over a 3 year period over 1958-1961 were amazingly speedy and engulfed a lot of magazine/comic publishers. Amalgamated Press bought Everybody's in 1950 and were themselves taken over by The Mirror (with Cecil Harmsworth King at the helm) who then went on to bid for and succeed in taking over Odhams (which included Hulton and George Newnes). I would imagine therefore the archives contain(ed) these originals - Christine Sheppard appears to have Lilliput artwork (Hulton) but not Everybody's (Amalgmated Press).

Overlapping the lion image in Look and Learn is "In the coldest weather, Charlie has to break the ice before he can have his morning dip in the drinking pond" showing a tiger against a snowy background. I knew I'd seen this somewhere before and checking, I find my short term memory is declining! It was on this blog in last October - unfortunately the eBay seller appears to have disappeared! So some of the archive art, not unusually, has made its way onto the open market.

A tiger dips its paw in icy water
The second page of this Everbody's shows a lioness with cubs. "After being handled by the keepers each cub is given a thorough washing to remove the odours". Below are some of the sketches that Sheppard did whilst in London Zoo. The practice of drawing live gave him many opportunities to capture movement as well as stationery animals and these two images show the latter very well.
Sketch of a lioness and cub asleep

Sketch of lioness and two cubs
The last image in this group is a delightful drawing of three tiger cubs playing with each other. I do have copies of other sketches of tiger cubs (thanks to Christine Sheppard's kindness) and in the Everybody's (shown above) it states "Tigers that have grown up tame usually remain quite playful until about three years of age".

Various sketches of tiger cubs at play and rest

ketch of two tiger cubs resting together
Well, that covers one of the two images from the Look and Learn and the other, the zebra running from hunters (look closely top-left) comes from Everybody's again.

Everybody's 16 June 1956
Katie Boyle appears on the cover
The image (at the top of this article) comes from Everybody's 16 June 1956 (page 19) and shows at least 12 zebra with two foals being hunted in an article called "Big Shots meet Big Game" by Anthony Cullen. He writes about a young professional hunter called Mike Rowbotham who went on after this to become legendary in that field. Here's the whole page for your enjoyment!

Everybody's 16 June 1956, p.19

Thursday, 4 January 2018

Liss-Llewellyn Fine Art Sale January 2018

Once again Liss-Llewellyn Fine Art have their sale and it includes some pieces by Raymond Sheppard

UPDATE: New art added
Lilliput November 1957 Vol. 41(5), issue # 245
"End of a sea raider" by Alan Scholfield, pp.20-27£1540 £880

Beach scene 1930s by Raymond Sheppard
£690 £500
Study of a tiger by Raymond Sheppard£1450 £890

Polar Bear, glancing right by Raymond Sheppard£860 £530

Lilliput January 1956 Vol. 38(1), issue #223
"The adventures of Rene Cutforth" pp31-33
£1070 £610

Young Elizabethan January 1956 Vol.9(1)
"Leave it to Jones" by John Kippax p.21
£1520  £1,000

Polar Bear by Raymond Sheppard
£730  £430

Study of a tiger by Raymond Sheppard
£1850  £1,260

Monarch of the Glen  c. 1935 by Raymond Sheppard
£1250  £770

Christine Sketching at the Kitchen, at 25 Dorchester Way, circa 1952
  by Raymond Sheppard
£2050  £900

Chipperfield Common Herts, circa 1950 by Raymond Sheppard
£990  £400

Sea Forms, c.1950
£2150  £880
The artist's wife Iris listening to the wireless by Raymond Sheppard
£1080  £575

Lilliput October 1957 Vol. 41(4), issue # 244
Operation Jericho by Sandy Sanderson, pp.22
£500  £290

Study of Cockerels by Raymond Sheppard
£975  £430
Raymond Sheppard
Portrait of young girl
£570  £320

 "Q-ships were expendable" by John PrebbleLilliput September 1957 Vol. 41(3), issue # 243 pp.22-28
£400  £250
The bottom left illustration of the machine gun on deck, was not published in the Lilliput story

H.M.S. Goliath and The end of the Konigsberg
Lilliput November 1957 Vol. 41(5), issue # 245
"End of a sea raider" by Alan Scholfield, pp.20-27
£410 £180
Serval by Raymond Sheppard
£1070  £700 
Christine Imploring
£345  £150 

Studies of an Impala
£1250 £660
Christine and Teddy Bear
£1760 £800

Saturday, 9 December 2017

Raymond Sheppard and the Rolling Year - Original artwork

Rolling Year p. 216
"Man doth not live by bread alone"
Rolling Year p. 178
"An Old Water Wheel"
The two pages above appeared in Rolling Year by W. J. Blyton. If you want to know more about the author follow this link to my previous article

Clouds (a)

Clouds (b)
I thought it might be interesting to look at these two pieces of art as I now own the originals. They look, at first appearance, to be a scraper-board technique. Several of Sheppard's early illustrations appear like this. But I wondered if this was true when looking closely at the clouds in the picture of the church. There appears to be little or no scraping in this area.

David Slinn, who regularly writes to me about Sheppard, amongst other things, commented it looks like ink on a china clay surface and then scraped Why? Because the artists back then were brought up on woodblock in books previously therefore they have an inkling of that method of scraping, etching.  I think you’ll find quite a bit of evidence of the use of a scalpel – both on illustration board and (it would seem) actual scraperboard in a few instances – amongst the images included from Round the Year Stories: Summer Book. Your expressed concern “...why are the lines predominantly ‘crude’...”, possibly has as much to do with the method of the book’s production. The culprit being retouching work on the negatives during the plate making process... perhaps absolving Raymond Sheppard from blame. But also bear in mind that black and white work of this type was, generally, considerably less well rewarded than you might think.

This is a photo I took - forgive the pen intruding on the image! - of the pencil rough with Sheppard's notes underneath whilst visiting Christine Sheppard. It's interesting to note that "More than half the people go to church", an actual quote from the text, was not used in the finished version.
Pencil rough of page 216

Wednesday, 1 November 2017

Raymond Sheppard and Man-Eaters of Kumaon

Merlin Unwin 2017 illustrated edition
I have to declare straight away I received a copy of Jim Corbett's first published book from Merlin Unwin as a thank you for help I gave them regarding the Sheppard illustrations in this title. Having said that I have a copy from the 1950s and had always intended to read it before blogging about it! So thanks to Merlin Unwin I have now read my first Jim Corbett book! And what a read it was too!

Bibliographic details
Author: Jim Corbett
Illustrator: Raymond Sheppard
ISBN: 978-1-910723-43-2
Published: September 2017
Format: 216 x 138 mm
Binding: Hardback
No. of pages: 272
33 black & white illustrations
Price: £15.99
All royalties from UK sales of this edition of Man-Eaters of Kumaon go to tiger conservation at the Corbett Tiger Reserve, Uttarakhand, India.

All illustrations below are from my 1961 reprint of the 1952 edition by Oxford University Press

The cover of the first Sheppard illustrated edition of Man-Eaters of Kumaon

I expected the topic of hunting down man-eating tigers and the eighty-year old writing style to jar with me, but I was wrong! It was a sensitive, fascinating insight to a world I knew nothing about - beyond clich├ęs. The geography, the cultures and particularly the awareness of nature and the environment kept my attention so much so that I could not put it down until getting to the end of each of his seven tiger stories. (There also a chapter on fishing and on his faithful Cocker Spaniel, Robin). This edition also, like earlier editions (and there have been quite a few!) has a map of the man-eater sites, a glossary of Indian terms, an author’s note - more on that shortly and and an additional piece that I don't have in my 1950s edition, of Corbett photographing tigers. The thing you need to know is these events all took place during a period in the earliest part of the 20th century when conservation of wildlife was not high on any country's agenda and Corbett was particularly sensitive to this.  His upbringing (he was born in the Nainital district, northeast India) was such that he knew the jungle very well and demonstrates in the book how to call a tiger towards you impersonating a potential mate. He preferred hunting alone as a man-eater can be very fast and unpredictable and sensibly he'd rather only rely on himself as a loaded rifle behind him might accidentally be fired in panic! As time went on Corbett saw hunters just out for 'sport' and hated the waste as even the dead animals would be left if not enough of a trophy for the hunter - not even rounded up and given to the local population for food.

Man-Eaters of Kumaon Frontispiece and Title Page

I usually scan all the Sheppard illustrations and share them here thanks to Christine Sheppard's ongoing permission. But as the publisher has gone to the trouble of re-typesetting the text and using Sheppard's illustrations I don't feel I should this time. So I'll limit my scans to the full page illustrations. But there are many smaller and equally gorgeous illos in the reprint.

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page 13

Edward James Corbett was born on the 25 July 1875 near the Kumaon foothills of the Himalayas, in the Nainital district now Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand during the days of the British rule in India. His father, William Christopher Corbett the Postmaster of Nainital died in 1879, when Jim Corbett was just 4, and he left his widow, - his second wife - Mary Jane Corbett (who died in 1924) with 8 children. Corbett was closest to his sister Margaret ('Maggie') Corbett. His early life was spent learning the skills of trekking and exploring that would serve him well when, from 1911 for 27 years, he tracked man-eating tigers (and leopards). A legacy enabled him to quit his railway job, and thereafter his income came from his estate agency business with rentals making up the bulk.

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page 29

It was Lady Violet Haig, who persuaded Corbett to commit his stories to paper, which he did in a self-published book entitled "Jungle Stories", this led to his amazing writing career. In the foreword to editions of his first commercially available work, Corbett makes clear that they are only 'man-eaters' because of injuries they have sustained, such as one tigress who encountered a porcupine whose quills embedded in one of her eyes. Also this may happen in very rare circumstances where their environment has been destroyed (by man!) which Corbett saw in the major de-forestation work around his beloved locality. I'm not sure the 1948 film of the book - although none of Corbett's stories were actually used - did anything to educate people on tigers' behaviour. The film starred Wendell Corey, now better known as the detective in Hitchcock's Rear Window. Perhaps Corbett received royalties for the use of his book title; perhaps it raised his profile at the time, but whatever the truth his stories still read as excellent sensitive writings on the thorny issue of hunting tigers (and leopards). His writings are still in print and many biographies have appeared over the years, the best being:

  • Kala, D.C. (1979). Jim Corbett of Kumaon New Delhi : Ankur Pub. House
  • Booth, M. (1986). Carpet Sahib: A Life of Jim Corbett London: Constable
The latter is the book on which Booth also wrote a screenplay - see below
Man-Eaters of Kumaon page 39

After the independence of India, in 1947, Corbett moved with his sister Maggie to Nyeri, Kenya, where he settled and continued to write and raise awareness of the declining numbers of tigers and other wildlife. On 19th April 1955, a few days after writing his sixth book Tree Tops, (which was also illustrated by Sheppard) Corbett died of a heart attack. He was buried at St. Peter's Anglican Church in Nyeri. His legacy began, with his books, but in 1957 the Ramganga tiger sanctuary was re-named in his honour as the Corbett National Park, The Corbett Museum is located at Choti Haldwani, 3 km form Kaladhungi, and there's a short video on YouTube of the Museum.

Talking of YouTube I was amazed to see some original film by Corbett (and of Corbett) and also the dramatisation of his work by the BBC,initially broadcast as Man-Eaters of Kumaon on BBC Two on 14 December 1986 at 19.15.  The accompanying Radio Times (13-19 December 1986) has a great cover of Corbett and there is a two page feature too on this Martin Booth  and John Elliot adaptation.
Radio Times cover

Radio Times TV listing for BBC2

Raymond Sheppard illustrated Man-Eaters of Kumaon in 1952, The Man-Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag in 1954, Tree Tops in 1955 and The Temple Tiger and more Man-Eaters of Kumaon in 1957. His illustrations have been reproduced in so many editions of these works I gave up trying to capture the data a long time ago and stuck to the originals

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page71

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page103

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page117

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page149

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page159

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page187

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page199

A select Bibliography (from the British Library holdings)
There are, in addition, to the books listed below a lot of 'mash-ups' of Corbett's writing including a graphic 'novel' for the Kindle plus several biographies, many published in Delhi, where his name is so revered even today for saving so many lives through his careful campaigns.

Man-eaters of Kumaon / Jim Corbett. S.l.]: S.l.] : O.U.P., 1944.
  • Man-Eaters of Kumaon ... With an introduction by Sir Maurice Hallett ... and a preface by Lord Linlithgow. Second edition.]. Madras: Madras : Oxford University Press, 1945.
  • Man-Eaters of Kumaon ... With a foreword by Lord Linlithgow. With plates, including a portrait.]. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1946.
  • Man-Eaters of Kumaon. Illustrated by Raymond Sheppard. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1952.
The Man-Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag / Jim Corbett. London: London : Oxford university press, 1948.
  • The Man-Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag, etc. With plates, including a portrait, and a map.]. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1948.
  • The Man-Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag. Illustrated by Raymond Sheppard. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1954.

My India. Impressions of the life and people of districts in Agra and Oudh and Bengal.]. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1952.

Jungle Lore. With a portrait.]. New York: New York : Oxford University Press, 1953.

  • Jungle Lore. With plates, including a portrait.]. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1953.
  • Jungle Lore. S.l.]: S.l.] : Oxford University Press, 1961.
  • Jungle lore / Jim Corbett ; with an introduction by Martin Booth. Delhi: Delhi : Oxford University Press, 1990.
Man against Man-Eaters. (Illustrated by Raymond Sheppard. Abridged from “The Man-Eaters of Kumaon,” and “The Man-Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag.”). London: London : Oxford University Press, 1954.

The Temple Tiger and more Man-Eaters of Kumaon. With plates.]. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1954.
  • The Temple Tiger, and more Man-Eaters of Kumaon ... Illustrated by Raymond Sheppard. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1957.
  • The Temple Tiger and more Man-Eaters of Kumaon / Jim Corbett ; illustrated by Raymond Sheppard. Bombay ; Oxford: Bombay ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1957 1982 printing].
  • Man-Eater! A condensation from The Temple Tiger and More Man-Eaters of Kumaon. (Illustrations by Bob Kuhn.).
Tree tops. S.l.]: S.l.] : O. U. P., 1955.
  • Tree Tops ... Illustrated by Raymond Sheppard. An account of the scenes witnessed by Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh on their visit to “Tree Tops,” Kenya, in 1952.]. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1955.
  • Man-Eaters of India. (A Corbett omnibus, including Man-Eaters of Kumaon, The Man-Eating Leopard of Rudraprayag, The Temple Tiger and More Man-Eaters of Kumaon.) With a portrait.]. New York: New York : Oxford University Press, 1957.
  • Man-Eaters of Kumaon, and, The Temple Tiger, etc. London: London : Oxford University Press, 1960.
  • Man Against Man-Eaters. London: London : Oxford University press, 1964.
  • Jim Corbett's India / stories selected by R.E. Hawkins. Oxford: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1978.
  • My India / Jim Corbett. Delhi ; Oxford: Delhi ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1989.
  • The Jim Corbett omnibus. Delhi ; Oxford: Delhi ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1991.
  • The second Jim Corbett omnibus. Delhi ; Oxford: Delhi ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1991.
  • The Oxford India illustrated Corbett / illustrated by Prashanto ... et al.]. New Delhi ; Oxford: New Delhi ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • My Kumaon : uncollected writings / Jim Corbett. New Delhi: New Delhi : Oxford University Press, 2012.
Whilst wrapping this up I browsed the Merlin Unwin site and spotted that they have also reprinted some of one of my favourite author's books: 'BB' or Denys Watkins-Pitchford. Follow the link to have a browse

Man-Eaters of Kumaon page247